Home::RA Barker Collection

Contactmail RA Barker



Neolithic Red Pottery Vase, Quiji Culture

(2200 BC - 1800 BC)


A  Neolithic one handle vase or drinking cup, most possibly from the Qijia culture because of its shape and the color of the clay. The artistic shape and curves also suggests a later Neolitic origin. The vase is 15.3 cm. tall.


Qijia culture (ca. 2200–ca. 1800 B.C.)

The Qijia archaeological culture was discovered in 1923 by the Swedish archaeologist and geologist Johan Gunnar Andersson (1874–1960) along the Tao River in Gansu province, but it was only recognized in 1924 and named after a site at Qijiaping, Guanghe county, Gansu. Qijia succeeded Majiayao culture at the end of the third millennium B.C. at sites in three main geographic zones: Eastern Gansu, Middle Gansu, and Western Gansu/Eastern Qinghai. In addition, Qijia sites were also found in Ningxia province and Inner Mongolia. Cold-hammered and cast metal utensils and mirrors have also been found at Qijia sites, showing that Qijia culture was in a transitional stage between Neolithic and Bronze Age development.

Qijia pottery featured unpainted vessels with flat bottoms, and bodies of an orange-yellow or red-brown clay. Common Qijia vessel types include one- and two-handled jars, and large-mouth jars. The distinctive broad, arched, strap handles and rivet-like details characteristic of Qijia ceramics are imitative of sheet-metal work, and suggests the existence of metal vessels at this time. There were also examples of Qijia painted pottery, especially in Western Gansu and Eastern Qinghai. (from Princeton University Asian Art)


A map of early Neolithic cultures in China.